Titanium Malaysia of Rod, Plate, Sheet
We as the Titanium Malaysia Supplier, supply Titanium Alloy Grade 2 and Grade 5 to Malaysia aerospace, medical and marine industry.
With over many years in the Titanium Market, we have a huge global sourcing network from Japan origin in Titanium and export to :
- Australia, Pakistan, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, China, Vietnam, Belgium, Japan, South Korea, Philippines, France, United Kingdom, Indonesia, Thailand, Hong Kong, China, Sweden, United States, Dubai, Finland, Brunei, Germany.
Commercially Pure (CP) Titanium
Titanium Available in four distinct grades (1, 2, 3, and 4), Titanium is classified by its corrosion resistance, ductility, and strength.
Commercially Pure (CP) Titanium Grade 1 has the highest corrosion resistance, formability, and lowest strength,
whereas, Titanium Grade 4 offers the highest strength with moderate formability. The most desirable feature of our CP Ti is its ability to osseointegrate within the human body.
Titanium also offers a higher strength-to-weight ratio and increased corrosion resistance compared to the stainless steel alloys, thus making it an attractive choice for medical applications.
Titanium Grade 1
Grade 1 Titanium is the first of four commercially pure titanium grades. It is the softest and most ductile of these grades. It possesses the greatest formability, excellent corrosion resistance and high impact toughness.
Because of all these qualities, Grade 1 is the material of choice for any application where ease of formability is required and is commonly available as titanium plate and tubing. These include:
- Chemical processing , Chlorate manufacturing, Dimensional stable anodes, Desalination
- Architecture, Medical industry, Marine industry, Automotive parts, Airframe structure
Titanium Grade 2
Grade 2 Titanium is called the “workhorse” of the commercially pure titanium industry, thanks to its varied usability and wide availability. It shares many of the same qualities as Grade 1 titanium, but it is slightly stronger. Both are equally corrosion resistant.
Titanium Grade 2 (Ti-2) possesses good weldability, strength, ductility and formability. This makes Grade 2 titanium bar and sheet are the prime choice for many fields of applications:
- Architecture, Power generation, Medical industry, Hydro-carbon processing, Marine industry
- Exhaust pipe shrouds, Airframe skin, Desalination, Chemical processing, Chlorate manufacturing
Titanium Grade 3
Grade 3 Titanium, Titanium Parts is least used of the commercially pure titanium grades, but that does not make it any less valuable. Grade 3 is stronger than Grades 1 and 2, similar in ductility and only slightly less formable – but it possesses higher mechanical than its predecessors.
Grade 3 is used in applications requiring moderate strength and major corrosion resistance. These include:
- Aerospace structures, Chemical processing, Medical industry, Marine industry
Titanium Grade 4
Titanium is known as the strongest of the four grades of commercially pure titanium. It is also known for its excellent corrosion resistance, good formability and weldability.
Though it is normally used in the following industrial applications, Grade 4 has recently found a niche as a medical grade titanium. It is needed in applications in which high strength is required:
- Airframe components, Cryogenic vessels, Heat exchangers, CPI equipment
- Condensor tubing, Surgical hardware, Pickling baskets
Types of Titanium Alloy
Titanium is considered to be one of the strongest metals. Its strength, heat, water and salt resistance, and its light weight make it the ideal metal for a variety of applications.
These applications range from jewelry and dental implants to airplanes and ships. Pure titanium is strong and corrosive resistant. Titanium Alloys retain the same strength and corrosion resistance, but takes on the greater flexibility and malleability of the metal it is combined with.
Titanium alloys, therefore, have more applications than pure titanium. There are six grades of pure titanium (grades 1,2,3,4,7 and 11) and 4 varieties of titanium alloys. Titanium alloys typically contain traces of aluminum, molybdenum, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, zirconium, manganese, iron, chromium, cobalt, nickel, and copper.
The four grades, or varieties of titanium alloys are Ti 6AL-4V (Titanium Grade 5), Ti 6AL ELI (Titanium Grade 23), Ti 3Al 2.5 (Titanium Grade 12) and Ti 5Al-2.5Sn (Titanium Grade 6).
Chemical Composition of Titanium Grade 1 – Grade 5
|Titanium Grade 1||Titanium Grade 2||Titanium Grade 3||Titanium Grade 4||Titanium Grade 5|
* Above chemistry is for reference only, and is not to be used for specification purposes.
Titanium Grade 5
Grade 5 Titanium, also known as Ti6Al4V, Ti-6Al-4V or Ti 6-4, it is one of the most popular alloys in the titanium industry and accounts for almost half of the titanium used in the world today.
Commonly referred to as Ti-6AL-4V (or Ti 6-4), this designation refers to its chemical composition of almost 90% titanium, 6% aluminum, 4% vanadium, 0.25% (max) iron and 0.2% (max) oxygen.
It features excellent strength, low modulus of elasticity, high corrosion resistance, good weldability and it is heat treatable. The addition of aluminum and vanadium increases the hardness of the material in the alloy matrix, improving its physical and mechanical properties.
Titanium Grade 6 (Ti 5Al-2.5Sn)
Ti 5Al-2.5Sn is a non-heat treatable alloy that can achieve good weldability with stability. It also possesses high temperature stability, high strength, and good corrosion resistance. It has a uniquely high creep (plastic-like strain over long periods of time, usually caused by extreme temperatures) resistance. Ti 5Al-25.Sn (Titanium Grade 6) is mostly used in aircraft and airframe applications.
Titanium as a whole is a highly durable and strong metal. In its pure form it has many uses. It alloys add greater malleability and flexibility to the already strong metal, opening up doors to many more applications. Each titanium alloy shares the same strength and corrosion resistance. They vary on flexibility, making a specific alloy ideal for specific industries and applications
Titanium Grade 12 (Ti 3Al 2.5)
Ti 3 AI 2.5 is the titanium alloy with the best weldability. It is also strong at high temperatures like the other titanium alloys. This grade 12 titanium alloy is unique in that it exhibits characteristics of stainless steel (one of the other strong metals), such as being heavier than the other titanium alloys.
Ti 3 Al 2.5 is most commonly used in the manufacturing industry, specifically in equipment. It is highly resistant to corrosion and can be formed by heat or cold. Grade 12 titanium alloy is used the most in the following industries and applications:
- Shell and heat exchangers
- Hydrometallurgical applications
- Elevated temperature chemical manufacturing
- Marine and airfare components
Titanium Grade 23 (Ti 6AL-4V ELI)
Ti 6 AL-4V ELI is commonly referred to surgical titanium because of its use in surgery. It is a more pure version of Titanium Grade 5 (Ti 6AL-4V) titanium alloy. It can be easily molded, and cut into small strands, coils, and wires.
It has the same strength, and high corrosion resistance as Ti 6AL-4V (Grade 5 Titanium). It is also light-weight and is highly tolerant to damage by other alloys. Its use is highly desirable in the medical and dental fields for uses in complex surgical procedures not only because of these properties but also because of the unique surgical properties Ti 6AL-4V ELI (Grade 23 Titanium) has. It has superior biocompatibility making it easy to graft in and attach to bone all the while being accepted by the human body. Some of the more common surgical procedures Ti 6AL-4V ELI (Titanium Grade 23) is used in include:
- Orthopedic pins and screws
- Orthopedic cables
- Ligature clips
- Surgical staples
- Orthodontic appliances
- In joint replacements
- Cryogenic vessels
- Bone fixation devices